Speech therapy addresses problems in verbal and non-verbal communication.
The speech therapist is involved in the prevention, diagnosis and therapy of verbal and non-verbal difficulties in order for the child to integrate smoothly in the school and greater social environments.
A child is in need of speech therapies when exhibiting at least one of the followiing:
Expressive deficiency (dyslalia) and speech comprehension, i.e. when the child has difficulty in sentence making, description of events, verbal expression of thoughts and feelings, starting or keeping up conversations, execute simple or complex orders
Articulation disorders include difficulties producing sounds in syllables or saying words incorrectly to the point that other people can’t understand what’s being said.
Fluency disorders include problems such as stuttering, the condition in which the flow of speech is interrupted by abnormal stoppages, repetitions, or prolonging sounds and syllables when faced with difficulty in starting a sentence or due to a “tic”.
Communication deficiencies due to hearing problems (deafness, hearing loss)
Verbal or non-verbal communication deficiency i children suffering from pervasive developmental disorders-autism spectrum, cerebral palsy, syndromes or any congenital fissure.
Feeding-swallowing difficulties (dysphagia)
The speech therapist first evaluates the vocal level of the child (language perception-comprehension) and then proceeds in designing a therapeutic scheme whose goal is to address the problem and enhance speech-communication development using cards, books, appropriate software and special exercises to strengthen the muscles of the mouth.