TEACCH (Treatment and Εducation of Autistic and Communication Handicapped Children) is an alternative educational program for autistic children that incorporates intervention in the child’s environment, daily program, work environment and communication.
The four key elements that form the basis of the TEACCH approach were formulated after careful understanding of the need of the autistic person for order, stability, uniformity and predictability.
- The natural structure of the environment
It refers to the way that the environment is organized. The children suffering from autism, are more easily aware of a well-structured environment. For example, what happens, where. It is very important to train autistic children so as to remain at a specific place for a period of time and to go easily from one activity to another.
- Personal daily program
It helps the child to comprehend the activities that need to be done during the day. The program is structured according to the needs and abilities of the child and is individually structured for each child.
- The personal work system
It is a way of organizing an activity in school or at home, It is imperative for the child to know what, where, when, how long, when s/he will know the activity has finished, what s/he will do after an activity has finished.
- Visual presentation of the activities
The visual programming of activities helps the child, through the system of signs to make his/her needs known to other people.